Karl Marx felt that social class was the main form of inequality and saw only two significant social classes. Wealth may be differentially distributed in a stratified society, but that is not an excuse for inequality.
He also predicted economic changes that would ultimately cause class conflict. It is evidently the appropriate name for the way in which a society is naturally formed into a hierarchy of positions in order of their importance to an efficiently functioning society.
How to cite this page Choose cite format: In modern societies boundaries are less clearly defined, though the main class groups such as landowners and the working class can still be identified in most societies. They list the rank order of positions as religion, government, wealth and technical knowledge and point out that only a limited number of people have the talents which can be turned into the skills needed for these positions.
Not too many years ago functionalism was the most dominant theory in sociology, with Marxism as its main critic. Recent trends have seen an increase in size of the middle classes which none of the time-honoured social theorists could have predicted. Political leaders or country leaders are representatives of the people in their society, nominated to power by the people of society to apply strategies to improve the functioning of society.
Stratification is no means to justify the status quo. They see that education not only responds to the demands of employers by preparing people for various jobs, which in turn produces economic growth and further investment in education, but also transmits culture through religious education, history and literature and teaches appropriate roles for age, gender and class.
They both looked at its relationship with the whole system and linked education with the economy. But this is not the result of stratification of society; it is merely a crude exploitation of their positions and their fellow citizens. This may include access to scarce resources such as property, power and prestige.
Even later than Radcliff-Brown, K.
It was thought that Marxism was most likely to replace functionalism but in recent years there have been dramatic changes and they have both been subject to a great deal of criticism. This access to scarce resources produces stratification but also inequality in the amount of resources allocated to different people.
This is the theory based on the work of Karl Marx in close collaboration with Fredrick Engels over a period of more than forty years. Marxists believe that education enforces the inequalities of wealth and income, and the attitudes and values of members of different classes.
Radcliff-Brown who was quite clear about the meaning of functionalism when he stated: This concept involves the issue of minimum versus maximum survival, that all structures must be judged as positive contributors to the functioning of any society, and to what scale are such structures valued as greater or less important to functionality.
Many alternative theories have attracted great interest, and though functionalist and Marxist theories of stratification are still exceptionally significant, as society changes and develops, they must take their place alongside a growing number of sociological theories.
Intermediate stratification, or middle class, has proved difficult to define and this quote, centuries ago, from Jean-Jacques Rousseau shows that stratification has a long history and will continue to be a point of contention for sociologist well into the future.
Skilled jobs maintain job satisfaction for the worker, but not always. It is through and by the continuity of the functioning of an organism that the continuity of the structure is preserved.
In other words, the social class one is born into affects their life chances.
This is of course if no advantage is taken of such high positions, which unfortunately sometimes occurs. Institutions are long lasting so therefore functional.
Where functionalism uses consensus, shared norms and values and concepts such as order, harmony, cohesion and integration, Marxism takes a different view. Many youth drop out of school early due to laziness; they then must accept the consequences of a lower skilled, lower paid job.
Moore explained how social inequality is necessary to motivate the more talented members of society to train to fulfil the demands of social positions which are functionally more important that others. Individuals are born into a society that already has an identity of its own and education has the function of passing on shared values and skills.
Hire Writer The functionalist perspective is rooted in the work of Emile Durkheim and gives the view of society as an organism in which each part functions in a certain way to ensure the stability of the whole. People involved in these institutions may not be aware of their function, but because the institution exists certain effects follow.
Despite being born into a low class family, one can still attain education due to the welfare systems set up by governments to create equal opportunity.
This takes training which means social and financial sacrifices are made, so in order to encourage people to undergo this training, and to endure the demands of the future position itself, they are given certain privileges. But if we go all the way back to traditional times; in a tribe such as the Ndebele of Africa, we see that women were pampered and treated very well by men, simply because their jobs of gathering food goods, berries and fruit, aswell as raising the children and maintaining the home were regarded as the most fundamentally important in that society.
This can definitely be questioned in a Western society such as Australia. For a society to be run efficiently, there will inevitably be some positions in a society that are regarded as higher or lower in status than others are.The Functionalist View of Stratification Essay examples Words | 8 Pages.
structures and arrangements contributes to social order.
It was designed to. A functionalist view of stratification views stratification as necessary for a society to function efficiently which enables it to reach its full potential economically and socially. The functionalist view of the role of the family in society is that it maintains social order.
The family is a tool for socialisation and a key social institution in sustaining the value that society works by consensus. A functionalist view of stratification views stratification as necessary for a society to function efficiently which enables it to reach its full potential economically and socially.
In this essay I will be assessing Functionalist views of education with juxtaposition from Marxists, Interactionists and Feminists over the following concepts. The Functionalist View of Stratification Essay examples Words 8 Pages Functionalism is a sociological perspective that focuses on the ways in which a complex pattern of social structures and arrangements contributes to social order.
Sociology - The Functionalist View of Stratification. Social Stratification According to Marx and Weber Essay - Social stratification is the hierarchical arrangement of individuals into divisions of power and wealth within a society.Download